E3 Journal of Agricultural Research and Development
E3 Journal of Agricultural Research and Development Vol. 6 (3) pp. 056-064, September 2016; © E3 Journals; ISSN 2276-9897
Changing Cropping Pattern around the Urban Centre: Analyzing the Role of Consumption Pattern of the PeopleGhuncha Firdaus 1 *
1 Post-Doctoral Fellow, Madras Institute of Development Studies, Chennai
*Corresponding Author E-mail: Phone No: 91-9884266599
Accepted 28 July 2016
Cropping pattern in developing countries has been undergoing a major transformation from cereals to non-cereals cash crops, but, there is dearth of study evaluating cause and effect relationship of this phenomena. The objectives of the present study were to analyze the consumption pattern of major food items and its impact on cropping patterns in India as a whole and in the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi particularly. The analysis depicts that cereal consumption/person/day in the country were declined by 11.6%, whereas the consumption of eggs, vegetables and fruits were increased by 80.41%, 41.58%, and 39.13% respectively during 1993â€“2013. The impact of changing consumption behaviour on cropping pattern was depicted by increasing areas under fruits (14.4%), vegetables (15.37%), spices (16.9%) and plantation crops (13.16%). A similar trend was observed in the case of NCT of Delhi. Information collected from 896 farming households revealed that vegetables (28.38%), potatoes (25.32%) and cereals (23.9%) were the prime crops in the study area. Increasing demand of non-cereal crops in the city markets, (p<0.000), in the local market, and in commercial establishments (p<0.05) were determined the cropping pattern. With changing consumption pattern, more and more agricultural land may be devoted to non-grain crops. Integrated planning for land allocation between grain and non-grain crops is needed for sustainable agriculture development.
Keywords: Delhi, consumption pattern, cropping pattern, food grain, non-cereals[Download Article - PDF]