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E3 Journal of Medical Research

E3 Journal of Medical Research Vol. 5 (1) pp. 015-020, January 2016; © E3 Journals; ISSN 2276-9900

Epidemiological study of Pediculosis Capitis among primary and middle school children in Asadabad, Iran

Nazari Mansour1 * , Goudarztalejerdi Reza1 , Anvari Mostafa1
1 Dept. of Medical Entomology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Accepted 4 December 2015


The head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis is a worldwide community health concern. In our city, no studies about pediculosis infestation levels have been conducted in recent years. The aim of this work was to investigate the prevalence of head lice in primary and middle school children in Asadabad, Iran.This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in primary and middle school children in Asadabad, during the academic year of 2013- 2014. Data were collected at baseline via questionnaire, checklist, and head examination. A total of the 600 students were examined (412 girls and 188 boys), 14 showed pediculosis and the total prevalence rate was 2.3%.The infestation was equal in public schools and private schools. Rate of pediculosis was higher in primary schools (4.0%) than middle schools (0.7%). The age of the students ranged from 6 to 14 years. The total number of infected group was N=14 with mean age 8.93±2.43 years and in uninfected group was N=586 with mean age 10.98±2.82 years were enrolled in the study (P<0.01).This study showed that different significant between curly hair (5.5%) and straight hair (1.9%) and also family size when compared with pediculosis capitis (P=0.05). When the relation of pediculosis and socioeconomic classes was analyzed as sharing common comb, shares a room with other people, frequent bathing, father΄s and mother΄s profession and also father΄s and mother΄s education, Chi–square test did not show a statistically significant relationship between the head lice contamination and socioeconomic factors (P>0.05).It is necessary to find the risk factors of the infection in order to understand how to control or decrease infection in students, considering the important role of health education in reduction of head lice infections.

Keywords: Ectoparasites, Pediculosis, Head lice, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Asadabad, Iran

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