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E3 Journal of Medical Research

E3 Journal of Medical Research Vol. 5 (1) pp. 008-014, January 2016; © E3 Journals; ISSN 2276-9900

Investigating the use of safe injection guidelines after needle stick and sharp instruments injuries in Nursing & Midwifery students of Hamadan University of Iran

Roya Amini1 * , Ali Reza Soltania2 , Alireza Ebrahimkhani3 , Mina Beigyan3
1 Department of Community Health Nursing , School of Nursing and Midwifery , Hamadan University of Medical Sciences , Hamadan , Islamic Republic of Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Islamic Republic of Iran
3 Student Research Committee Hamadan, University of medical sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Accepted 3 November 2015


Unsafe injection threats patients, medical students and healthcare providers; so this study was conducted to determine the rate of application of safe injection guidelines after needle stick and sharp instruments injuries (NSIs/Sis) by Nursing & Midwifery students of Hamadan University. In this cross-sectional study 234 students of nursing, midwifery and medical emergencies were selected by stratified random sampling. Data were collected by questionnaires that included demographic data, history of injuries and preventive guidelines of safe injection. Data analysis was done using the software SPSS21.The average age was 22.71±2.94. 38% of the students had a history of NSIs/SIs. The most of the NSIs/SIs had occurred in the emergency room among final year students (21.2%) after vein puncturing (29.2%) and before discarding the needle (64.2%). 77.8% of all the students were vaccinated against hepatitis B. The average score of incorporating preventive measures was 32.01±7.14; 53% of the students΄ scores were at the average levels (28-37/40) and only 21.8% of the students were at the good levels (>38/40) . A significant relationship was observed between taking preventive measures and field of study, history of injury and between history of vaccination (P ≤0.005). Regarding the high rate of NSIs/SIs, we suggest designing certain training courses based on the guidelines of safe injection to increase the awareness and performance of students about safe injections.

Keywords: Injection, Needle stick injuries, Students

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