Assessment of heavy metal pollution due to the Lead –Zinc mine at the Ain Azel area (northeast of Algeria); Decentralization of forestry management in Cameroon.

E3 Journal of Environmental Research and Management

E3 Journal of Environmental Research and Management Vol. 8 (1) pp. 001-011, April 2017; © E3 Journals; ISSN 2141-7466
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18685/EJERM(8)1_EJERM-16-019


Assessment of heavy metal pollution due to the Lead –Zinc mine at the Ain Azel area (northeast of Algeria)

Khemmoudj kaddour 1 * , Merabet Smail 1
1 Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et la Vie, Université de Bejaia, route de Targa-Ouzemour, Bejaia, Algérie
2 Laboratoire d’Hydraulique Appliquée et Environnement, Université de Béjaia ,route de Targa -Ouzemour, Bejaia, Algérie E-mail : merabetsmail2003@yahoo.fr
*Corresponding Author E-mail: Kaddour_khemmoudj@yahoo.fr
Accepted 22 October 2016

Abstract

The aim of this present study was assess the heavy metals pollution present in sediment of soil. The study identify the heavy metals contamination in the sediment samples collected in soils of Ain Azel area using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS).The heavy metals concentration in sediments samples ranged from (mg/kg ): Lead 10.45 to 94.79 , Zinc 8.13 to 89.79 , copper 8.30 to 21.73 , Chrome 5.12 to 21.46 , Cadmium 0.35 to 3.25 ,and Iron 12460 to 44190 .In our study , seven reliable indices such as Geo-accumulation, Enrichment Factor, Contamination factor, Contamination degree ,mead contamination degree, pollution Load index and Potential ecological risk index were applied to estimate metal pollution .The data generated were used to determine the quality of the sediments based on the enrichment Factor, Contamination factor, Contamination degree ,mead contamination degree, pollution Load index and Potential ecological risk index .The potential ecological risk in the order of ER(Cd) > ER( Pb) > ER ( Zn) >ER ( Cu ) ER > ( Cr)

Keywords: Heavy metal, soil, assessment, Ain Azel, Algeria.

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