Assessment of heavy metal pollution due to the Lead –Zinc mine at the Ain Azel area (northeast of Algeria); Decentralization of forestry management in Cameroon.

E3 Journal of Environmental Research and Management

E3 Journal of Environmental Research and Management Vol. 7 (1) pp. 001-012, August 2016; © E3 Journals; ISSN 2141-7466
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18685/EJERM(7)1_EJERM-16-015


Oil theft and insecurity in post amnesty era in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: Implications on national security

Boris Happy Odalonu1 *
1 Federal College of Education, P.M.B. 2001 Eha-Amufu, Enugu State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author E-mail: boris2nice@gmail.com
Accepted 12 June 2016

Abstract

The Amnesty programme for Niger Delta militants was introduced in 2009 to curb militancy, oil theft and insecurity in the Niger Delta region. Five years after, the rate of oil theft and insecurity in the region seems to be on increase which poses serious security challenges on Nigerian state. This paper examines the issues of oil theft and insecurity in post amnesty era in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria and its implication for national security. Secondary data was employed in the study and the paper identifies that the grave issues (unemployment, land degradation, resource control, underdevelopment, poverty) that led to militancy which resulted in oil theft and criminalities in the Niger Delta have not been addressed and thus, the Amnesty Programme is just a palliative measure. In the light of the above the paper recommends that the stolen oil trade problem must be tackled at its source which is unemployment and poverty

Keywords: Post-Amnesty, Oil theft, insecurity, National security, Niger Delta, Nigeria

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