Assessment of heavy metal pollution due to the Lead –Zinc mine at the Ain Azel area (northeast of Algeria); Decentralization of forestry management in Cameroon.

E3 Journal of Environmental Research and Management

E3 Journal of Environmental Research and Management Vol. 6 (3) pp. 0237-0261, August 2015; © E3 Journals; ISSN 2141-7466


Evaluation of sustainable development and environmentally friendly energy systems: case of Sudan

Abdeen Mustafa Omer 1 *
1 Energy Research Institute, Nottingham NG7 4EU, United Kingdom
*Corresponding Author E-mail: abdeenomer2@yahoo.co.uk
Accepted 13 July 2015

Abstract

People are relying upon oil for primary energy and this will continue for a few more decades. Other conventional sources may be more enduring, but are not without serious disadvantages. The renewable energy resources are particularly suited for the provision of rural power supplies and a major advantage is that equipment such as flat plate solar driers, wind machines, etc., can be constructed using local resources. Without the advantage results from the feasibility of local maintenance and the general encouragement such local manufacture gives to the build up of small-scale rural based industry. This communication comprises a comprehensive review of energy sources, the environment and sustainable development. It includes the renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency systems, energy conservation scenarios, energy savings in greenhouses environment and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce climate change. This study gives some examples of small-scale energy converters, nevertheless it should be noted that small conventional, i.e., engines are currently the major source of power in rural areas and will continue to be so for a long time to come. There is a need for some further development to suit local conditions, to minimise spares holdings, to maximise the interchangeability of the engine parts, and of the engine applications. Emphasis should be placed on full local manufacture. It is concluded that renewable environmentally friendly energy must be encouraged, promoted, implemented and demonstrated by a full-scale plant (device) especially for use in remote rural areas.

Keywords: Renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency, sustainable development, emissions, environment

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