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E3 Journal of Medical Research

E3 Journal of Medical Research Vol. 4 (2) pp. 023-027, May 2015; © E3 Journals; ISSN 2276-9900

Assessing the infants breastfeeding in Hamadan city Iran

Shobeiri F1 * , Aghababaii S1 , Artimani T2 , Mahjoob H 3
1 Research Center for Child & Maternity Care, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Dept of Obstetrics, School of Nursing & Obstetrics, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Health Sciences Research , Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
Accepted 10 January 2015


Breastfeeding is the normal way of providing young infants. This study aimed to assess the situation regarding infant’s nutritional pattern in Hamadan city of Iran. A Cross sectional study on 1200 mothers and her infants recruited in urban health care centers in Hamadan city, Iran. The criteria for entry to the study were: all babies at the end of the 1 to 12 month of life who was healthy. The percentage of breastfeeding initiating within an hour after delivery was 46.3%, the percentage of the exclusive breastfeeding from 1st month to 6th month were 93% and 68% respectively, the most common breastfeeding timing method was on demand (72.3%). Maternal educational levels, mother’s age, parity, infant’s gender and breastfeeding education were associated with a longer duration of exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.000). Majority of mothers (82.9%) had started complementary feeding at recommended time. Majority of mothers were giving home made foods. Frequency of complementary feeds was less then recommended in about 56.3% mothers. Majority of mothers (52.5%) had started new supplementary food without any interval. Our results are relatively satisfactory with regards to the overall duration and situation of Breastfeeding, while complementary feeding status is unsatisfactory according to WHO objectives.

Keywords: Infant Nutrition; Hamadan; Iran

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