Services sector and economic growth in Botswana; Problems and prospects of project execution in Nigeria: a study of construction companies operating in Delta state; Impact of entrepreneurial activity on technological innovation in emerging and developing countries; Capital market liberalisation and capital formation: Time-Series evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

E3 Journal of Business Management and Economics

E3 Journal of Business Management and Economics Vol. 3 (5) pp. 0179-0189, May 2012; © E3 Journals; ISSN 2141-7482

Foreign direct investment, joint ventures and export

Monica Das a * , Sandwip Kumar Das b
a Department of Economics, Skidmore College, 815 North Broadway, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
b Department of Economics, State University of New York, Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, New York 12222
*Corresponding Author E-mail: Corresponding Author Email:
Accepted 18 April 2012


After a joint venture agreement with a high-income country’s firm, an export-oriented but technologically backward firm in a low-income country may earn higher profit, but may not be able to improve its export market performance, unless the world market size is large. In a two-firm-two-country model, the export performance of a low-income country’s firm may suffer in a joint venture, or if the high income country’s firm plays a leadership game. However, the high-income country’s firm may prefer a joint venture to a leadership game if the profit share of the low-income country’s firm can be restricted. Under certain conditions, the low-income country’s firm should compete with the high income country’s firm and use various market signals to improve its credibility in the world market. A general model with ‘n’ firms of ‘n’ low-income countries forming a global joint venture with one firm of a high income country, shows that, the joint venture is feasible only if there are no more than three technologically backward firms and that it may be possible for a single firm of a low-income country to meet the export clause imposed by its government.

Keywords: Joint Venture; Oligopoly; Export; Signaling; Financial Markets; Asia; China

[Download Article - PDF]